Wednesday 4 September 2019

099 - A Baoli At Khura (Soon Valley), District Khushab

A Baoli is a stepwell, where steps lead to the water level. So man or beast can reach the water directly, without using any mechanism to draw the water to the surface. Stepwells are found almost all over the world, especially in Asia, the Middle East and Europe. But are most popular in South Asia. Mr Philip Earis manages a wonderful website on this subject, which shows not only the pictures of Baolis but also their exact location on a google map. You can visit this website on the following link:

According to this website, more than two thousand stepwells exist in the world, an overwhelming number of them are in India. Mr Eric has included step ponds as well in this category. In Pakistan, around two dozen such wells are located. According to my knowledge, most of them are stepwells and most of them are in reasonably good condition. Excluding ponds the number of actual stepwells in Pakistan would be around fifteen. I have seen at Jandiala Sher Khan, Rohtas Fort, Wah Cantt and Wan Bhachran, except the last one, others are in good condition and well preserved. 

My fifth Baoli was an unexpected discovery. My cousin Sahibzada Shah Sultan one day told me of a Baoli near his maternal grandfather's village Khura. He had just heard about it vaguely. Despite going frequently to that area, he never saw it or met someone who could confirm its existence. So I was skeptical about this information. 

We reached Khura at noon, at the heat and humidity was unbearable. First we took a local friend with us as our guide. Despite being a resident of Khura, he too only had heard about the baoli, less than a kilometre away from his home. Which obviously, diminished any chances of making a substantial discovery in my eyes. Anyways a pleasant surprise was waiting for us. We not only discovered a big stepwell, but contrary to my expectations, its condition was also very good. 

We also found water in this well-preserved baoli. However, it was evident that it is not frequently used. The walls and stairs are made of hewn stones and probably lime has been used as mortar. It is situated in a small valley, with a stream passing through it. Due to its natural beauty, the place itself is worth visiting.  

 A Baoli near Khura, soon valley. (15.07.2019.)

Looking down the baoli. (15.07.2019.)

Downstairs, at the water level. (15.07.2019.)

A view from the right side. (15.07.2019.)

The boundary of the well. (15.07.2019.)

A small water tank to water the cattle. (15.07.2019.)

A view from the above. (15.07.2019.)

The front side of the baoli. (15.07.2019.)

Ibrahim Tariq. (15.07.2019.)

Tariq Amir. (15.07.2019.)

Ibrahim Tariq & Azim Sultan. (15.07.2019.)

Looking down the well. (15.07.2019.)

Stairs in the baoli. (15.07.2019.)

Stairs leading to the water level. (15.07.2019.)

A baoli, in some Indian dialects, is also called baori or baodi. In Pakistan in some areas it is called Wan. Like Wan Bhachran and Wan Tarap. These two places, in district Minwali and Attock respectively,  are named after the two baolis that exist in those places. 

The government of Punjab is trying to promote tourism in the Soon Valley, exploiting its natural beauty. Indeed it can be a popular tourist destination due to its beautiful, lakes, lush green valleys and gardens. It is a paradise for hiking and trekking. Along with these attractions, the Soon Valley has many historically important places like ancient temples at Amb, ruins of an ancient city at Tulaja, a fortified place at Akrand, Budhist sites etc. And not to forget our this little baoli. These all places, along with natural wonders of this valley can make this area a popular tourist destination. 

Tariq Amir

September 4. 2019.

Doha - Qatar. 


  1. AOA Tariq Sb,

    That was a fantastic discovery at Khura. However, you didn't post any coordinates or pointers on how to reach the Khura Baoli. Can you please update the post or share with me the route to the Baoli. The map on the post points to the village and from the pictures, the baoli appears to be outside the village.

    Warm Regards,

    1. Dear Zia sahib,

      Thank you very much for drawing my attention to the missing coordinates of the baoli. I have just added the coordinates and have also updated the map. Now it is not just showing the place of the baoli but also a path leading to it.