Thursday, 31 October 2019

111 - Well of Puran Bhagat, Sialkot

Qissa Raja Rasalu and Puran Bhagat or Legend of Raja Rasalu and Puran Bhagat is one of the oldest legends of Punjab. The only physical evidence of this legend is a well and a small temple about ten kilometers from Sialkot near a small village at  32°33'55.74"N;  74°35'13.91"E.  


This well is located inside a compound where besides this well a Hindu temple also exists. Clearly, before 1947 the place was in control of Hindus. Now Hindus have gone are so are the Murtis of the temple. Otherwise, the temple is in good condition and the building is well maintained. 

Muhammad Hassan Miraj in an article in the newspaper Dawn of October 8, 2012, gives the following account of the legend of Puran Bhagat and his association with this well:
Going to Chaprar, is a place Gulbahar. A well here is the focus of many needy and childless couples. This is called Pooran's well (Pooran Di Khuee). The Raja of Sialkot, Salwaan, who is said to have restored the fort, had two wives namely, Loonan and Ichran. Ichran gave birth to a prince who was named, after much consultation, Poran. The pundits told the king that to avoid bad fortune; Pooran needs to stay away from the palace for 12 years. The prince was sent to a deserted place. along with the requisite staff. After a period of 12 years, Pooran returned to palace. He went to his mother and then to Loonan, the stepmother. Mesmerised by the young man Pooran had grown into, Loonan lost hern heart and tried to seduce him. Pooran refused and left Loona, desperate and angry. When Raja Salwaan returned, Loonan made up the story of how Pooran had tried to rape her and filled the gaps with tears. The Raja, anguished by the story, ordered Pooran's limbs to be amputated, and the mutilated body thrown into the woods. 
Pooran was thrown in this well after the gruesome torture. For 12 years, Pooran stayed inside the well. Ond day Guru Gorakhnath, the famous Jogi, on his way back from Shiwalak, passed by the well and heard Pooran. His apostles took out the dying prince. Guru healed the limbs of Puran and exalted him spiritually. After a few years, Pooran was a bhagat - his spiritual powers earned him the fame of a saint. The word was out and it made its way to Loona, who was still, without child. On hearing about Pooran Bhagat, she along with the Raja, walked up to the well. The Bhagat prophesised the birth of the prince, simultaneously aking Loonan about the reality of Pooran. Shocked and grateful, Loonan revealed the truth and eventually, Pooran revealed his identity. The Raja begged Pooran to return to the kingdom but he told them that the kingdom was now the right of the prince to be born. He spent the rest of his life near the well. Raja Salwaan constructed a large compound in the vicinity of the well of which only ruins remain. Childless women travel from places as far as Quetta and Karachi to put Pooran's well to the test. Faith, in the hour of need, divorces reason. 
The well (right) and the temple. (24.10.2019.)

The well of Puran Bhagat. (24.10.2019.)

The well is in good condition is water is drawn from it(24.10.2019.)

A view of the temple. (24.10.2019.)

The temple building is void of any statues of Hindu deities. (24.10.2019.)

The temple has a small door to enter the room. (24.10.2019.)

A view from the main entrance of the compound. (24.10.2019.)

In front of the temple. (24.10.2019.)

The door of the room adjoining to the temple. (24.10.2019.)

A view of inside the room. (24.10.2019.)

A grave to give the Muslim touch to the shrine. (24.10.2019.)

A view from the main entrance. (24.10.2019.)

The compound of the well. (24.10.2019.)

A mound near the well. Perhaps to this Muhammad Hassan Miraj was referring to as ruins of a compound built by Raja Salwaan. (24.10.2019.)

It seems that in the past the legend of Puran Bhagat was quite popular among the people of Punjab.  Charles Swynnerton in his book "Romantic Tales from the Panjab with Indian Night's Entertainment", published in 1908, narrates this story in detail. The book is available on net. Similarly Aitzaz Ahsan, the famous politician and writer, in his book "The Indus Saga and The Making of Pakistan" dedicates a chapter to this legend. 

Below is the picture of the front page of a book about the story of Puran Bhagat pubhlished in Gurmukhi.

ٹائپ دا چھاپہ 

پورن بھگت 

کوی لدھو رام 

جن کو 
عنایت اللہ خلف  ملک ہیرا 
تاجر کتب کشمیری بازار لاہور 

حسب فرمائش ملک عنایت اللہ خلف ملک محمد 
عبدللہ المعروف ملک ہیرا تاجر کتب لاہور نے 

منشی چراغ دین 
مالک مطبع نے 
کیکسٹن پریس انارکلی پرانی لاہور 

وکھو چھپوایا 

Type Printing

Puran Bhagat

Poet Ladhu Ram

Inayatullah Khalf Malak Heera
Trader Books, Kashmiri Bazar, Lahore

At the request of Malak Inayatullah Khalaf Malak Muhammad Abdullah
known as, Malak Heera Trader Books Lahore

Munshi Chiragh Din

Owner of Press
Kakstan Press Old Anarkali, Lahore. 

This story can be read in Shahmukhi script at the following link:


Here I would like to add that the countryside, though now overpopulated, is beautiful and in good weather, you would not regret coming here and driving further north towards the border. It can be an important place in case we want to promote religious tourism in the country. 

Tariq Amir

October 31, 2019.

Doha - Qatar.

Wednesday, 30 October 2019

110 - Clock Tower of Sialkot

A clock tower used to be a common feature of modern cities. In Pakistan, there are at least seven such towers. Most famous of them is the Ghanta Ghar of Faisalabad, which is so famous that once I was under the impression of it being the only clock tower in Pakistan. Ghanta Ghar of Faisalabad is perhaps the biggest of all these towers.

During my recent visit to Sialkot on 24 July, 2019, I had had a chance to see the clock tower of Sialkot. It is also a beautiful clock tower and is well maintained. But the weather was cloudy and the drab brown paint of the tower was also hiding its beauty. Hence the result of the pictures I took is not satisfactory.  The tower is located at 32°30'58.01"N;  74°33'23.13"E

The clock tower of Sialkot. (24.10.2019.)

Another view. (24.10.2019.)
Apparently the clock in the tower was made by Rado. (24.10.2019.)

Another view of the tower. (24.10.2019.)

The square is called Iqbal square. (24.10.2019.)

IQBAL SQUARE. 

THE CLOCK TOWR
IS
ERECTED AS A TOKEN
OF 
LOYALTY AND ESTEEM
TO COMMEMORATE THE 
VISIT OF 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS
EDWARD PRINCE OF WALES
OF INDIA
ANNO DOMINI 1921 - 22
BY 
RAI SAHIB RAMJI DASS
SIALKOT
"FIDE ET FEDICIA"
(In Faith and Truth)

The above plaque gives us the some information about the construction of this tower. It was constructed in the honour of Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VIII (1894 - 1972). The prince visited Indian from October 1921 to March 1922. Above description also suggest that the cost was bore by one Rai Sahib Ramji Dass, to show his loyalty towards the British Government. I could not find any information about Rai Sahib. 

Related image
Prince of Wales during his visit to Delhi(24.10.2019.)

FOUNDATION STONE
LAID BY
GENERAL SIR W.R. BIRDWOOD BART G.C.M.C.,   K.C.B.,   K.C.S.I.,  C.I.ED.

William Birdwood, who laid the foundation stone of this monument, was a British military officer. He was born in Kirkee (Khadki) near Pune in 1865. He joined army in 1883 and later on saw action in Boer War and Gallipoli. At the time of the construction of this tower, he was Commander of the Northern Army of India. In 1925 he was made Field Marshall. He died in England in 1951. 

Field Marshall William Birdwood. (1865 - 1951) 

Bishmber Dass and Sons Furniture House(24.10.2019.)

Another view of the building located near the tower. (24.10.2019.) 

It is a beautiful monument and add to the beauty of the city of Sialkot. Keep it on your list of things to see in Sialkot, whenever you plan to visit this city. It is now going to complete its century in near future. I shall appreciate if you could add details about its construction and its architectural features. Especially Rai Sahib Ramji Dass, the person who constructed this monument.

Tariq Amir

October 30, 2019.

Doha - Qatar. 

Tuesday, 29 October 2019

109 - Mosque of Mulla Kamal ud Din, Sialkot

This mosque in the old part of the city of Sialkot was managed by Maulana Mulla Kamal ud Din. He could not find details about Mulla Kamal ud Din, but his fame is due to being the teacher of famous Muslim scholar Sheikh Ahmad Al Fruqi Al Sirhindi, famous as Mujaddid Alf Sani. Following excerpts from Wikipedia give the following information about these two persons:
Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi was born on 26 June 1564 in the village of Sirhind. He received most of his early education from his father, Shaykh Abd al Ahad, his brother, Shaykh Muhammad Sadiq and from Shaykh Muhammad Tahir al-Lahuri. He memorised the Qur'an. He then studied in Sialkot which had become an intellectual centre under the Kashmir born scholar Maulana Kamaluddin Kashmiri. There he learned logic, philosophy and theology and read advanced texts of tafsir and hadith under another scholar from kashmir, Sheikh Yaqub Ali Hamadani Sufi Order. Qazi Bahlol Badakhshani taught him jurisprudence, prophet Muhammad's biography and history.  
So we can understand that Mulla Kamal ud Din taught Sheikh Ahmad in this mosque during the last two decades of the 16th century, during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. This mosque is located in the old part of the city at  32°29'24.07"N;  74°32'33.02"E

The front view of the mosque of Mulla Kamal ud Din, Sialkot. (24.07.2019)

جامع مسجد کشمیریاں

معلم        حضرت مولانا ملا کمال الدین رحمۃ اللہ علیہ        المتوفی ۱۰۱۷ ھ

استاد

متعلمین  حضرت امام ربانی مجدّد الف ثانی شیخ احمد فاروقی سرہندی
رحمۃ اللہ علیہ
ولادت 14 شوال 971 ھ                           وفات 28 صفر 1034ھ

حضرت مولانا علامہ عبدالحکیم رحمۃ اللہ علیہ فاضل سیالکوٹی
ولادت 968 ھ                              وفات 18 ربیع الاول 1068 ھ

Jame Masjid Kashmerian

Hazrat Maualana Mulla Kamal ud Din       
Died: 1017  AH (1608 AD)

Teacher

Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Sani Sheikh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi

Birth: 14 Shawwal, 971 AH. (18 May, 1564)    Death: 28 Safar, 1034 AH. ( 21 November, 1624)

Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hakim Fazil Sialkoti
Birth: 968 AH. (1561 AD)        Death: 18 Rabi Al Awwal, 1068 AH. ( 17 December, 1657) 

The main entrance of the mosque. (24.07.2019)

A side view of the mosque. (24.07.2019)

The mosque has three arches. The on the left is hidden behind a veranda. (24.07.2019)

A view from the first floor. (24.07.2019)

The green dome of the mosque. (24.07.2019)

Courtyard of the mosque. (24.07.2019)

Mehrab of the mosque. (24.07.2019)

Another view of the Mehrab. (24.07.2019)

The interior of the mosque(24.07.2019)

 A plaque displaying 10 precepts of Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi. 

A big old tree near the mosque. (24.07.2019)

The mosque, as you can see in the pictures is in excellent condition. However, unfortunately the renovation has been done not in a traditional style but with modern style. So the original decorations or paintings and designs have been lost forever. 

Tariq Amir

October 29, 2019.Doha - Qatar. 

Monday, 28 October 2019

108 - Iqbal Manzil Sialkot (Home of Allama Muhammad Iqbal) & Murray College

It was my first visit to Sialkot and I had a lot of things on my agenda. After spending the night at the home of my childhood friend Amjad Hussain, we started our adventures early in the morning. One of the first destinations was the home of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a world-renowned poet in Urdu and Persian and a philosopher. He is held in great esteem by Pakistanis because of his poetry, which gives a message of love for motherland, freedom, self-respect and love for the teachings of Islam. He is counted among the heroes of the freedom movement for the political role he played before independence. He is credited with presenting the idea of a separate state for the Muslims of India. 

He was born in Sialkot in 1877 and his birthplace and home is the subject of this post. This house is located in Sialkot city at  32°29'29.93"N;  74°32'35.04"E

Iqbal Manzil. (24.07.2019)

Iqbal Manzil is a three storey house. (24.07.2019) 

Balcony of the first floor. (24.07.2019)

Another view of the balcony. (24.07.2019)

A view of a room on the second floor. (24.07.2019)

Picture Provided by Amjad Hussain, Sialkot. (26.10.2019)

Picture Provided by Amjad Hussain, Sialkot. (26.10.2019)

Picture Provided by Amjad Hussain, Sialkot. (26.10.2019)

Amjad Hussain in front of Iqbal Manzil. (27.102.19)

Two boards displaying information about Iqbal Manzil. (24.07.2019)

اقبال منزل سیالکوٹ
علامہ محمد اقبال کے آباء و اجداد تقریبا 1752ء میں کشمیر سے ترک وطن کر کے سیالکوٹ میں آباد ہوئے۔ علامہ محمد اقبال کے دادا شیخ محمد رفیق صاحب نے یہ ایک منزلہ مکان جو کہ اس وقت ایک ڈیوڑھی، ایک دالان، دو کوٹھڑیوں اورایک چھوٹے صحن پر مشتمل تھا، 1861ء میں ایک سو پچاس روپے کے عوض خریدا تھا۔ اس مکان کی ڈیوڑھی سے منسلکہ کوٹھڑی میں علامہ محمد اقبال کی پیدائش 9 نومبر 1877ء بروز جمعہ ہوئی۔ 1892ء میں ملحقہ دو منزلہ مکان خرید کر اس میں شامل کردیا گیا اور 1895ء میں بازار چوڑیگراں کی جانب واقع دو دکانیں خرید کر اس میں شامل کر دی گئیں۔ 1910ء میں علامہ محمد اقبال کے بڑے بھائی شیخ عطا محمد نے اس مکان کو ازسرنو تعمیر کروایا اور اب اس کی تین منزلیں ہیں۔ دوسری منزل میں ایک کمرہ والدہ اقبال کیلیئے مخصوص تھا۔ جس میں وہ بچیوں کو قرآن پاک پڑھایا کرتی تھیں۔ اس عمارت میں ایک مہمان خانہ بھی موجود تھا۔ اب اس مکان کا رقبہ تقریباً 9 مرلہ ہے۔ بازار کی طرف دکانیں تھیں جو اب ریڈنگ روم میں تبدیل کر دی گئ ہیں۔ اس عمارت میں لکڑی کا استعمال جگہ جگہ کیا گیا ہے۔ اس گھر کو 1971ء میں حکومت پاکستان کو خرید کر محکمہ آثار قدیمہ کے سپرد کردیا۔ اس کے اندر جتنی چیزیں سجائی گئی ہیں وہ اس کے سابق مکینوں نے بطور عطیہ دی ہیں۔ 

Iqbal Manzil, Sialkot
The forefathers of Allama Iqbal had migrated from Kashmir to Sialkot in about 1752 A.D. Grandfather of Allama Iqbal purchased a single storey house in 1861 A.D. Which consisted at that time a vestibule, two small rooms, one Dalan and a small courtyard, at a cost of Rs. 150. In a small room adjoining to the vestibule of this house, Allama Iqbal was born on Friday the 9th November 1877. In 1892 A.D. an adjoining double storey house was bought and annexed with this house. In 1895 two adjacent shops situated in Bazar Churigran were also bought and attached with this building. In 1910, elder brother of Allama Iqbal Sheikh Atta Muhammad re-built this house and converted it into a three storey building. One room of the second storey was used to teach the Holy Quran to girls. A guest house was also situated in the building. At present, the total area of this house is about 9 Marla. Shops that were situated towards market have been converted into reading room. Wood work has been done at many places in this mansion. This building was acquired by the Government of Pakistan in 1971 and handed over to archaeology department to convert it into library / museum. All the articles which have been displayed here are gifted by those who used to live in this edifice before its conversion into a national monument. 

On 24 July, Iqbal Manzil was closed due to some vacation or off day. So to visit the house we had to use back channel diplomacy and as a result, we had to enter the house through a back door. Amjad Hussain sahib played a role in this arrangement. 

The backside of the Iqbal Manzil. (24.07.2019)

The backside view of the first floor. (24.07.2019)

The backside view of the second floor. (24.07.2019)

We welcome the visitors to Iqbal Manzil. (24.07.2019)

Javed Iqbal                               Munib Iqbal
(Son of Iqbal)                (Son of Javed Iqbal)

A room of the house. (24.07.2019)

A room on the ground floor. (24.07.2019) 

The room where Allama Iqbal was born. (24.07.2019)

Another view of the same room. (24.07.2019)

A staircase leading to the first floor. (24.07.2019)

A big toom on the first floor, used as an auditorium. (24.07.2019)

Sahibzada Shah Sultan. (24.07.2019)

A sitting room on the first floor. (24.07.2019)

A wooden staircase in the sitting room. (24.07.2019)

The centre of the first floor. (24.07.2019)

The first floor. (24.07.2019)

The first floor. (24.07.2019)

A bedroom on the first floor. (24.07.2019)

Some household items on display. (24.07.2019)

A rug on display. (24.07.2019)

Another view of a bedroom. (24.07.2019)

A large collection of books on display. (24.07.2019)

The writer. (24.07.2019)

The library on the ground floor. (24.07.2019)

The reading room. (24.07.2019)

A portrait of Allama Iqbal, woven on a piece of cloth(24.07.2019)

اقبال منزل 1944
یہ تصویر قائداعظم کے ذاتی فوٹوگرافر ایف ای چوہدری نے بنائی تھی۔
Iqbal Manzil in 1944
Photographer: E. F. Choudhary (Personal photographer of Quad-e-Azam)

اقبال منزل 1964
Iqbal Manzil in 1964

Inside the house, dozens of pictures of Allama Iqbal and his family are on display. These pictures show his family life, as well as his social and political activities. 

Allama Iqbal with his son Javed Iqbal. (24.07.2019)

Allama Iqbal in Cordoba mosque. (24.07.2019)

Allama Iqbal in relaxed mood. 

علامہ اقبال آخری بار انجمنِ حمایت اسلام کے جلسےمیں 1937
Allama Iqbal for the last time in the meeting Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam. 1937.

علامہ اقبال مغربی لباس میں- Allama Iqbal in Western Dress

علامہ اقبال کا منفرد انداز یورپ میں - 1908 London a Portrait

In the robes of doctorate of literature conferment of the degree by the University of Punjab. 

۱۸۹۹ علامہ اقبال عہد شباب ایک نادر تصویر
A portrait shortly after the obtain his master degree - 1933 

علامہ اقبال مسجد قرطبہ میں اسپین 1933
Allama Iqbal in Cordoba Mosque 1933

علامہ اقبال خوشگوار موڈ میں میکلوڈ روڈ لاہور والے گھر میں بیٹھے ہیں۔
Allama Iqbal at McLeod Road House, Lahore. 

 
 Family tree of Allama Iqbal. (24.07.2019)

والد اقبال (شیخ نور محمد)
پیدائش 1837 (سیالکوٹ) وفات17 اگست 1937 (سیالکوٹ)
Father of Allama Iqbal (Sheikh Noor Muhammad)
B. 1837 Sialkot     D. 17 August 1930

والدہ جاوید اقبال (سردار بیگم)
Mother of Javaid Iqbal Sardar Begam

جاوید اقبال پسر ڈاکٹر علامہ محمد اقبال
تاریخ ولادت 1924
اقبال منزل سیالکوٹ-عمر چھ ماہ
Javaid Iqbal son of the Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal
Date of Birth: 1924
Iqbal Manzil Sialkot: Age 6 Month

کریم بی بی زوجہ محمد اقبال
Kareem Bibi, First wife of Allama Muhammad Iqbal

مختار بی بی زوجہ علامہ محمد اقبال
Mukhtar Begum, 2nd wife of Allama Iqbal

Sheikh Atta Muhmmad, Brother of Allama Iqbal

جاوید اقبال اپنے تایا کی گود میں
Javed Iqbal with the elder brother of his father.

جاوید اقبال پسر علامہ اقبال
Javaid Iqbal son of Allama Iqbal

منیب اقبال آنٹی ڈورس کی گود میں
Muneeb Iqbal, in the arms of Aunty Doris

علامہ اقبال کے پوتے منیب اقبال اور ولید اقبال اپنی والدہ بیگم ناصرہ جاوید کے ساتھ
Allama Iqbal's grandson Muneeb Iqbal and Waleed Iqbal along with their mother 
Begum Nasira Javed

آرٹسٹ سونیا نیساء اپنی کیلیگرافی کا شاہکار دختر اقبال منیرہ بانو اور پونے منیب اقبال کو پیش کر رہی ہیں
Artist Sonia Nisa, presenting her piece of calligraphy to Allama's daughter Munira Bano and grandson Muneeb Iqbal. 

ڈاکٹر جاوید اقبال کے بڑے بیٹے منیب اقبال
Muneeb Iqbal, the elder son of Dr Javed Iqbal

ڈاکٹر جاوید اقبال اپنے فرزندان کے ہمراہ
Dr. Javed Iqbal with his family.

فرزند و دختر ڈاکٹر علامہ محمد اقبال
Son and daughter of Dr. Allama M. Iqbal

ایما ویگناسٹ
جن سے علامہ نے جرمن زبان سیکھی
16 اگست 1876 - 16 اکتوبر 1964
Emma Wegenast
Allama Iqbal learnt German Language from her
16 August 1876 - 16 October 1964۔

میاں علی بخش
Mian Ali Bakhsh, Iqbal's personal servant for 39 years

Ali Bakhsh

Besides his personal and family pictures, there are many pictures showing his political and social activities. 

۱۹۲۹   نماز جنازہ غازی علم دین شہید    علامہ اقبال پہلی قطار میں تشریف فرما ہیں۔
1929  Funeral prayer of Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed     Allama Iqbal is sitting in the front row. 

Iqbal at Aligarh receiving honorary degree.

1933  افغانستان کابل میں علامہ اقبال اپنے دوستوں کے ساتھ استقبالیہ میں۔
A group photo with some close friends in Kabul, Afghanistan. 1933

علامہ اقبال سر راس مسعود اور سلیمان ندوی کے ساتھ افغانستان میں 1933
Allama Iqbal with Dr. Ross Masood and Syed Suleman Nadvi in Afghanistan. 1933

راونڈ ٹیبل کانفرنس لندن کے موقع پر ایک دعوت کا منظر
علامہ اقبال درمیانی میز پر ملک عمر حیات خاں کے بائیں طرف اور ان کے مدمقابل قائداعظم محمد علی جناح
 تشریف فرما ہیں۔ 
A view of a reception at the occasion of Round Table Conference in London
Allama Iqbal at the table in middle, on the left side of Malik Omar Hayat Khan and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, is seated in front of him. 

دوسری گول میز کانفرنس میں ڈاکٹر علامہ اقبال دائیں طرف اور بائیں طرف مولانا شوکت علی تشریف فرما ہیں۔
At a party during the Second Round Table Conference in London. 1931

تیسری گول میز کانفرنس کے موقع پر پر لندن میں مقیم مسلمان طلباء نے ایک استقبالیہ علامہ محمد اقبال کے اعزاز
 میں دیا جس میں علامہ محمد اقبال اور قائداعظم تشریف فرم ہیں
At a party given by Muslim students in London. 1932

علامہ اقبال سر سید سلیمان، نواب چھتاری کے ساتھ قیام علی گڑھ کے دوران
Allama Iqbal with Sir Suleman, Nawab Chattari (Aligarh)

علامہ اقبال مسلم یونیورسٹی علی گڑھ کے اساتذہ اور طالب علموں کے ساتھ گروپ فوٹو
Allama Iqbal at Aligarh University with Dr. Rass Masood. 1929

کھڑے ہوئے بائیں طرف چوہدری رحمت علی 
بیٹھے ہوئے پہلے دائیں طرف پیر احسن الدین، علامہ اقبال اور میاں عبدالحق
With a group of students and admirers, London. 1932

علامہ اقبال 1930 میں آل انڈیا مسلم لیگ الہ آباد شرکت کے لیئے سر عبداللہ ہارون کے ہمراہ تشریف لےجارہے ہیں۔ 
گاڑی کے دائیں طرف عبداللہ ہارون کے صاحبزادے یوسف ہارون کھڑے ہیں۔ 
Allama Iqbal at Allahabad. 1930

نیشنل لیگ لندن کے استقبالیہ دعوت میں علامہ اقبال لیڈی سائمن ودیگر معزز مہمان
At a reception by given by the National League. London 1922.

Left to Right: Khurshid Ali Khan, Zulfiqar Ali Khan, Chaudhry Muhammad Hussain and Allama Muhammad Iqbal
علامہ اقبال اپنے دوستوں کے ہمراہ شملہ میں

1931 میں لندن سے واپسی پر فلسطین تشریف لے گئے۔ جہاں انہیں موتمر عالم اسلام کانفرنس میں شرکت کے 
لیئے مدعو کیا گیا۔ 
A group photograph taken at a conference of the World Muslim Congress in Jerusalem. 
In the centre is the host Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Mufti Ameen Al Hussaini. 1931 

علامہ اقبال ورلڈ مسلم کانفرنس کے ارکان کے ساتھ یروشلم میں
Allama Iqbal with members of the World Muslim Conference in Jerusalem.

علامہ اقبال بادشاہی مسجد میں طرابلس کے شہیدوں پر لکھی ہوئی نظم سنا رہے ہیں۔
Allama Iqbal reciting his poem on martyrs of Shoda-e-Trabulas at Badshahi Mosque. 


Iqbal in London: On his way to attend a party at Buckingham Palace. Accompanied by Ch. Mohammad Zafrullah Khan. 

کابل کی دعوت استقبالیہ کا ایک منظر، جس میں علامہ اقبال و سید سلیمان ندوی اور سر راس مسعود تشریف فرما ہیں۔ 
At a reception given in Kabul in honour of the visiting Indian delegation led by Iqbal

Scotch Mission High School, Sialkot. 

The Oriental Hostel of Government College Lahore, now called Iqbal Hostel. 1895

Cambridge 1906. A view of Trinity College where Iqbal studied from 1905 to 1907. After he left
 his country in quest of higher learning. He graduated in 1907.

Murray College Sialkot. (24.07.2019.)

Murray College Sialkot. (24.07.2019.)

Murray College Sialkot. (24.07.2019.)

Murray College Sialkot. (24.07.2019.)

The road outside the college. (24.07.2019.)

Iqbal's Middle School Certificate. 1891

Iqbal's Entrance Examination Certificate. 1893

۱۸۹۳ میں علامہ کو اسکاچ مشن اسکول سیالکوٹ سے یہ تمغہ اور وظیفہ ملا
اسی سال انہوں نے میٹرک کا امتحان امتیازی حیثیت سے پاس کیا۔ 
In 1893 Allama was awarded this medal and scholarship from Scotch Mission High School. The same year he passed matriculation exam with distinction. 

Iqbal's Intermediate Certificate. 1895

Iqbal's Degree Certificate. 1897

۱۸۹۷ علامہ اقبال نے عربی کے مضمون میں سے سے زیادہ نمبر حاصل کیئے اور میڈل حاصل کیئے۔
The medals he won for distinction in Arabic in graduation.  1897

Iqbal's Master of Arts certificate with medals for distinction. 1899

Iqbal wins the medal in Philosophy in 1899.

Certificate of research from Cambridge. 1907

Ph.D. degree from the Cambridge University 1907

A facsimile of Iqbal's handwriting
A poem in Persian, written in February 1928.

۱۹۳۲ میں عباس علی خان نے قرآن پاک کا نسخہ بطور تحفہ علامہ اقبال کو پیش کیا۔
In 1932 Abbas Ali Khan presented this copy of the Holy Quran to Allama Iabal as a gift.

A poem in the handwriting of Allama Iqbal. 

Will of Allama Iqbal Written on 13 October, 1935.

It was a memorable visit to the home of a person who we as a nation consider as one of our greatest leaders. In one short visit, we learned so many things about the life of Allama and his family. The house is kept in a very good condition and is an example of architecture prevalent at the beginning of the 20th century. Many household items and furniture is on display that gives a good idea of life in the first half of the previous century.

Tariq AmirOctober 27, 2019.Doha - Qatar.