Thursday, 14 May 2020

127 - Demographics of Sindh Province According to the Census of 1941

In October 2014, I wrote a post on the "Partition of Punjab in  1947"  (http://pakgeotagging.blogspot.com/2014/10/partition-of-punjab-in-1947.html) that proved to be the most popular of all my posts and drew most comments as well. Some of the friends from the other side of the divide argued that so what if some Muslim majority Tehsils were awarded to India, as same thing happened in Sindh, where many Hindu majority districts were given to Pakistan. Some other sources on the internet made similar observations and even made some fantastic claims. Anyway, this subject remained high on my mind and finally I found all the details I needed, maps showing Talukas and census figures for the year 1941, the last census of the British India. At the end you will find the details of my sources.  

The post has two sets of maps, the first two maps show the population of Muslims and Hindus in Sindh in 1941, district wise, and the second set of two maps show the populations of the two communities district wise. Other communities like Sikhs, Christians, Jains, Parsees, etc. made a very small proportion of the total population. I have tried to present the information in a simple way and hopefully, readers will find it easy and interesting to read the tables and the maps. 


Census of Sind Province in 1941

No

District

Population

Muslims

%

Hindus

%

Sikhs

%

01

Dadu

389,380

329,991

84.75

58,372

14.99

630

0.16

02

Hyderabad

758,748

507,620

66.90

245,849

32.40

3,669

0.48

03

Karachi

713,900

457,035

64.02

222,597

31.18

7,589

1.06

04

Larkana

511,208

418,543

81.87

91,062

17.81

1,549

0.30

05

Nawabshah

584,178

436,414

74.71

140,428

24.04

5,778

0.99

06

Sukkur

692,556

491,634

70.99

195,458

28.22

4,696

0.68

07

Thar Parkar

581,004

292,025

50.26

247,496

42.60

6,815

1.17

08

Upper Sindh

304,034

275,063

90.47

28,664

9.43

285

0.09

09

Khairpur State

304,787

253,690

82.96

49,604

16.22

1,616

0.53

 

Total

4,839,795

3,462,015

71.53

1,278,555

26.41

32,627

0.67



The Muslim population of Sindh Province according to the Census of 1941. (District Wise)


 The Hindu population of Sindh Province according to the Census of 1941. (District Wise)

The table given below provides the religious composition of Sindh Taluka wise, taluka is sub-division of a district. The two maps show the population of Muslims and Hindus accordingly. 

No

District/Taluka

Population

Muslims

%

Hindus

%

1

Dadu

389,380

329,991

84.75

58,372

14.99

i

Dadu

62,476

53,038

84.89

9,318

14.91

ii

Johi

55,851

49,685

88.96

5,883

10.53

iii

Kakar

62,609

53,621

85.64

8,982

14.35

iv

Kohistan Mahal

23,801

21,058

88.48

2,741

11.52

v

Kotri

45,146

32,872

72.81

11,963

26.50

vi

Mehar

86,491

75,206

86.95

11,120

12.86

vii

Sehwan

53,006

44,511

83.97

8,365

15.78

2

Hyderabad

758,748

507,620

66.90

245,849

32.40

i

Badin

78,835

65504

83.09

13,161

16.69

ii

Dero Mohbat

75,524

53551

70.91

21,810

28.88

iii

Guni

107,126

85,611

79.92

21,166

19.76

iv

Hala

116,615

91,744

78.67

24,343

20.87

v

Hyderabad

214,933

97,762

45.48

115,015

53.51

vi

Tando Allahyar

92,014

59,571

64.74

31,285

34.00

vii

Tando Bago

73,701

53,877

73.10

19,069

25.87

3

Karachi

713,900

457,035

64.02

222,597

31.18

i

Ghorabari

21,827

20,402

93.47

1,327

6.08

ii

Jati

30,356

28,506

93.91

1,749

5.76

iii

Karachi

435,887

208,866

47.92

195,257

44.80

iv

Keti Bunder

9,248

7,346

79.43

1,325

14.33

v

Mipur Bathoro

45,493

38,824

85.34

5,795

12.74

vi

Mirpur Sakro

38,757

36,043

93.00

2,578

6.65

vii

Shah Bunder

39,681

36,002

90.73

3,450

8.69

viii

Sujawal

37,922

33,658

88.76

3,874

10.22

ix

Tatta

54,729

47,388

86.59

7,242

13.23

4

Larkana

511,208

418,543

81.87

91062

17.81

i

Kambar

89,583

76,375

85.26

13,185

14.72

ii

Labdarya

82,058

66,778

81.38

15,042

18.33

iii

Larkana

103,018

74,772

72.58

27,434

26.63

iv

Miro Khan

45,870

42,197

91.99

3,542

7.72

v

Rato Dero

65,941

50,071

75.93

15,588

23.64

vi

Shahdad Kot

50,342

43,879

87.16

6,438

12.79

vii

Warah

74,396

64,471

86.66

9,833

13.22

5

Nawabshah

584,178

436,414

74.71

140,427

24.04

i

Kandiaro

87,116

69,814

80.14

17,172

19.71

ii

Moro

72,899

61,374

84.19

10,120

13.88

iii

Nawshahro Feroz

103,806

84,539

81.44

18,971

18.28

iv

Nawabshah

76,250

54,561

71.56

19,859

26.04

v

Sakrand

67,626

59,403

87.84

7,243

10.71

vi

Shahdadpur

120,254

71,177

59.19

47,761

39.72

vii

Sinjhoro

56,227

35,456

63.06

19,294

34.31

6

Sukkur

692,556

491,634

70.99

95,458

28.22

i

Garhi Yasin

79,426

65,602

82.60

13,502

17.00

ii

Ghotki

56,674

46,328

81.74

10,093

17.81

iii

Mirpur Mathelo

59,016

48,256

81.77

10,759

18.23

iv

Pano Akil

56,410

45,147

80.03

11,213

19.88

v

Rohri

95,365

63,447

66.53

30,172

31.64

vi

Shikarpur

151,878

101,561

66.87

49,774

32.77

vii

Sukkur

140,118

76,655

54.71

60,747

43.35

 viii

Ubauro

53,665

44,638

83.18

8,998

16.77

7

Thar Parkar

581,004

292,025

50.26

247,496

42.60

i

Chachro

74,727

31,791

42.54

35,103

46.97

ii

Digri

59,243

31,338

52.90

25,194

42.53

iii

Diplo

34,001

23,962

70.47

7,219

21.23

iv

Jamesabad

41,357

19,752

47.76

20,395

49.31

v

Khipro

64,494

36,774

57.02

27,112

42.04

vi

Mirpurkhas

68,973

30,840

44.71

37,234

53.98

vii

Mithi

46,698

20,333

43.54

15,201

32.55

viii

Nagar Parkar

32,458

12,980

39.99

15,629

48.15

ix

Samaro

51,511

26,285

51.03

20,182

39.18

x

Sanghar

40,027

29,080

72.65

10,394

25.97

xi

Umarkot

67,515

28,890

42.79

33,873

50.17

8

Upper Sindh

304,034

275,063

90.47

28,664

9.43

i

Garh Khairo

47,554

45,245

95.14

2,296

4.83

ii

Jacobabad

63,307

52,814

83.43

12,236

19.33

iii

Kandhkot

75,481

69,429

91.98

6,021

7.98

iv

Kashmor

47,765

44,960

94.13

2,804

5.87

v

Thul

67,927

62,615

92.18

5,307

7.81

9

Khairpur State

305,787

253,690

82.96

49,604

16.22

i

Faiz Ganj

24,036

21,860

90.95

1,862

7.75

ii

Gambat

85,816

71,109

82.86

14,117

16.45

iii

Khairpur

93,725

73,494

78.41

19,418

20.72

iv

Kot Diji

47,121

40,618

86.20

6,429

13.64

v

Mirwah

41,420

34,581

83.49

6,681

16.13

vi

Nara

13,669

12,028

87.99

1,097

8.03



The Muslim population of Sindh Province according to the Census of 1941. (Taluka Wise)

The Hindu population of Sindh Province according to the Census of 1941. (Taluka Wise)


As we can see above that contrary to some claims, no district of Sindh had a Hindu majority in 1941. And only three Talukas out of 67 had a clear Hindu majority, those too were not contiguous to India or even to one another. Muslims were in majority in 60 Talukas. In the remaining 4 Talukas no community was in the majority. However, in three of these four, a considerably large community was labeled as tribes. I am not sure what their religion was and how there were defined as “tribes”. However, even if we lump them with the Hindus, they would form majority only in four out of 11 talukas of Tharparkar district and contiguous to IndiaThe details are given below. So I leave the interpretation of the data for these four Talukas to my readers. 


Karachi (Taluka)

435,887

 (%)

Muslims

208,899

47.92

Hindus

195,257

44.8

Christians

11,198

2.57

Sikhs

5,932

1.36

Jains

3,265

0.75


Jamesabad (Taluka)

41,357

 (%)

Muslims

19,752

47.76

Hindus

20,395

49.31

Sikhs

588

1.42


Taluka

Total

Muslims

%

Hindus

%

Tribes

%

Chachro

74,727

31,791

42.54

35,103

46.97

7,847

10.50

Mithi

46,698

20,333

43.54

15,201

32.55

11,156

23.89

Nagar Parkar

32,458

12,980

39.99

15,629

48.15

3,680

11.34


The Hindus formed a clear majority in most of the cities and town of the Sindh province in 1941, as we can see in the table and map given below. 


No.

City

Pop.

Muslims

%

Hindus

%

1

Karachi 

386,655

152,385

39.41

183,883

47.56

2

Hyderabad

134,693

36,069

26.78

96,603

71.72

3

Sukkur

66,466

8,152

27.31

46467

69.91

4

Shikarpur

62,746

1,775

34.70

40,680

64.83

5

Larkana

28,085

7,834

27.89

19,969

71.10

6

Jacobabad

21,588

9,774

45.28

11,561

53.55

7

Mirpurkhas

19,591

5,086

25.96

13,947

71.19

8

Khairpur

17,510

9,639

55.05

7,786

44.47

9

Nawabshah

17,509

4,420

25.24

12,048

68.81

10

Tando Adam

17,233

2,994

17.37

14,049

81.52

11

Rohri

14,721

4,132

28.07

10,460

71.05

12

Shahdadpur

11,768

1,898

16.13

9,782

83.12

13

Kambar

11,681

6,297

53.91

5,621

48.12

14

Dadu

10,896

5,179

47.53

5,601

51.40

15

Kotri

9,979

5,137

51.48

4,436

44.45

16

Ratodero

9,925

2,393

24.11

7,942

80.02

17

Tando M. Khan

8,718

2,902

33.29

5,748

65.93

18

Tando Allahyar

8,406

1,690

20.10

6,622

78.78

19

Garhi Yasin

8,397

2,278

27.13

5,426

64.62

20

Tatta 

8,262

4,198

50.81

4,054

49.07

21

Hala

7,964

5,042

63.31

2,597

32.61

22

Matiari

5,910

4,334

73.33

1,575

26.65

23

Ghotki

 5,236

1,533

29.28

3,701

70.68

24

Gambat

 4,893

1,989

40.65

2,897

59.21

25

Sehwan

 4,364

2,218

50.82

2,203

50.48

26

Umarkot

 4,275

986

23.06

3,218

75.27

27

Nasarpur

 3,610

2,331

64.57

1,279

35.43

28

Manjhand

  3,025

1,053

34.81

1,956

64.66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Cities & towns of Sindh.


I want to especially thank my friend Imran Javed for helping me in completing this post. I found the census report of the Sindh province but it was not properly scanned and was very difficult to read. Some pages were entirely missing. Here Mr Imran came to my rescue and contacted the office of the Census Commissioner of India and thankfully they replied within 18 hours and provided the link of their wonderful website with all the information I needed. 


An equally big hurdle was to find a map of Sindh, showing not only the boundaries of district but the talukas as well. I found the following two links very helpful and the maps are based on these two sources. 



I have tried to be as accurate and objective as possible. The statistics are accurate, taken from the official website of the Census Commissioner of India, but the maps can be in need of some improvement. However, any inaccuracy is unintentional and will be corrected if found to be contrary to the facts. I hope readers having an interest in this subject will find it useful. 

Tariq Amir

May 14, 2020.

Doha - Qatar. 


No comments:

Post a Comment